“There stood the dogs tied up, making a deafening clamour.  Many of them appeared to be well-bred animals -- long-haired, snow-white, with up-standing ears and pointed muzzles.  With their gentle, good-natured looking faces they at-once ingratiated themselves in our affections.”

                                                                        Fridtjof Nansen

                                                                        Leader, Norwegian Polar Expedition 1893-96




One of the “ancient breeds” identified through study of the canine genome, Samoyeds date back 3000-5000 years ago.


The first Samoyeds arrived in the United States about 100 years ago.  According to the American Kennel Club, Samoyeds rank only seventy-sixth in popularity.  Yet, the uncommonly dynamic membership of Samoyed clubs coast-to-coast have made the annual Samoyed Club of America National Specialty one of America’s top ten breed shows.


Named for the tribe that developed the breed, Samoyeds originated in Siberia, Russia, along the shores of the Arctic Ocean.  The 1910 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica described the Samoyed dog’s masters as “a nomad tribe who wander with their reindeer over the treeless plains which border on the White and Kara seas on either side of the Urals.”


In this harsh Arctic environment the Samoyed dogs were utilized to herd reindeer, pull sleds, guard against wolves and bears and keep the tribe’s children warm at night. Their endurance, strength and intelligence made these dogs highly-valued members of early European expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic. Borchgrevink, Amundsen, and Shackleton in the Antarctic, and Nansen and Abruzzi in the Arctic, counted on Samoyeds to explore the extreme, uncharted ends of the Earth. The American explorers Fiala and Baldwin also used Samoyed sled teams. Most of the Samoyeds in England and the United States today are related to sled dogs from those expeditions.


Perhaps the most famous Samoyed ever in America was Rex of White Way (1946-57).  Also known as “The Blizzard King,” Rex was renowned as the lead dog on the U.S. Mail sled team that used to run the 64-mile mail delivery route from Ashton, Idaho, to West Yellowstone, over the 7000-foot Targhee Pass. Rex was a superb canine athlete and hero, having participated in numerous rescue missions in California’s Sierra Nevada mountains, including retrieving survivors of airplane crashes.  Rex was competing in conformation in a San Francisco dog show when word came that he was needed to lead a sled team to the Donner Pass, where a passenger train had been hit by an avalanche and people stranded in cabins needed rescuing. 


In 1953, Rex of White Way broke the world weight-pull record by pulling 1,870 pounds.  This feat made Rex the strongest dog in the world, on a pound-for-pound basis, a record that stood for three decades.


Samoyeds have an extensive and fascinating history in the U.S. and abroad that is well chronicled in the veritable encyclopedia of Samoyeds by preeminent Samoyed fanciers Robert H. and Dolly Ward.  First published in 1971, the most recent editions are entitled:  “The New Complete Samoyed.”

© 2011-2014 SamoyedMoms.com

Logo by Rigel’s mom, Lidiya Gavrilenko.  The puppy was “Green Boy” in the Magenta Samoyeds litter born July 2, 2010.  His name is now “Bodhi” and he lives with his sister, Lilu (formerly “Yellow Girl”) in Charlottesville, Virginia.

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